The battle was fought between Sweden and the Heilbronn League against Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Bavarian League. The long faces in the photo above were because the wargamers were listening to a background to the game, when the table layout was being explained. The Battle of Nördlingen on September 6, 1634, between Swedish and German forces and Imperial and Spanish forces was one of the major battles of the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) in Germany. The Spanish reinforcements numbered closer to 20,000 not 7,000. Battle of Nördlingen (1645) This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations . . Smoke billows in the middle ground, with a distant view of Nördlingen in the left background. add example. WikiMatrix. The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 373, "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 374, "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, pp. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. In the 17th century, Alerheim was smaller and entirely to the northwest of the Imperial battleline between the Wennenberg and the schloss. Après la défaite des Protestants à la bataille de Nördlingen le 6 septembre 1634, Wurtemberg a été pillée et incendiée. Consequently, the Protestant German princes made a separate peace with the Emperor in the Treaty of Prague. Battle of Nördlingen. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought on September 6, 1634. At the opportune moment, a general advance was ordered that quickly put Bernard's forces to flight. Schlachdarstellung bei Alerheim 1645.jpg 1,200 × 773; 293 KB. From within the walled city of Nördlingen in the Upper Palatinate, a lone rocket arced slowly skyward on the night of September 3, 1634. Battle of Nördlingen (1634). However, the cousins were supported by Count Leganés, the Spanish deputy commander, who was confident in their superior numbers, including the reliable Spanish Infantry. France and its Protestant German allies defeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and its Bavarian Catholic league allies. The future Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand of Hungary, decided to attack the Protestant territories in Southern Germany to draw the main Swedish and German armies away from Bo… Prince Ferdinand and King Ferdinand of Hungary, mounted on horseback and stationed on a hilltop at left, survey the course of the battle before them. Search Advanced search. In response, the Austrian Habsburg commander, Ferdinand of Hungary (son of Ferdinand II, the Holy Roman Emperor) advanced west from Bohemia (today, the Czech Republic) threatening to cut across the supply lines of the Protestant armies. WikiMatrix. Meanwhile, in the center, Bernard had avoided battle and prevented the Imperialists from reinforcing their threatened left by skillful use of his artillery. Rheinübergang der Franzosen am 19.6.1645.jpg 1,200 × 999; 555 KB. Gustav Horn of Björneborg was captured and his army destroyed. In 1636, two years after Nördlingen, they defeated a combined Imperial and Saxon army at the Battle of Wittstock, followed later by victories at the Second Battle of Breitenfeld, the battle of Jankov, and the battle of Zusmarshausen. The battle led to a victory and new strengthening of the Habsburg (Catholic) position and French entry into the war. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September. That's it. En 1633, sa contribution lors de la bataille de Nördlingen contre les Suédois se révèle décisive pour la victoire espagnole. Taking advantage of the confusion in Horn's forces, the Cardinal-Infante sent a detachment of Spanish foot and horse, which reclaimed the hill. Bernhard felt that no matter the odds, an attempt must be made to relieve Nördlingen. Battle of Nördlingen The term Battle of Nördlingen refers to two battles during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). Mercy was killed during the savage fighting. Following the success of the event it was decided that a repeat was in order and the battle chosen this time would be Nördlingen 1634, primarily as it involved a reverse of the strengths of the forces involved. The First Battle of Nordlingen was a major battle of the Thirty Years War that took place on 6 September 1634, in present-day Bavaria, Germany. After the failure of the tercio system in the first Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, the professional Spanish troops deployed at Nördlingen proved the tercio system could still contend with the deployment improvements devised by Maurice of Orange and Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden for their respective troops. Bernard underestimated the numerically superior enemy forces despite information obtained from a prisoner. A contingent of Catholic Germans defended the hilltop. The Thirty Years War, Homegrown Rules, 28mm. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. declaring war against Spain on May 21, 1635. Jump to navigation Jump to search. (The Austrian archduke also held the title of Holy Roman Emperor. The divisions in … On 16 August the Cardinal-Infante crossed the Danube at Donauwörth. Saské jednotky se dostaly až pod pražské hradby a švédská vojska se svými spojenci pronikla hluboko na bavorské území. Despite their best efforts the Protestant armies were still behind when Ferdinand of Hungary set down to besiege the town of Nördlingen in Swabia and await the Cardinal-Infante, who arrived before the city on 2 September - three days before the Protestants.[7]. The Swedes recovered. Despite this blunder, the Catholic Germans holding the hilltop panicked, deserting their batteries. To protect their weak center, the Bavarian and Imperial officers had some dismounted dragoons and foot soldiers barricade themselves in the village. Battle of Nördlingen, (Sept. 5–6, 1634), battle fought near Nördlingen in southern Germany. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. With their forces substantially reduced and many German principalities refusing aid, the Swedes withdrew to Northern Germany where they remained inactive for several years. France and its Protestant German allies defeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and its Bavarian ally. Condé's tactics were brutally simple. The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. Post by Zipuli » Wed Jul 29, 2015 9:26 pm After the pyrrhic victory in Lützen - as described in my previous AAR - I took on Nördlingen. Later that night, the Imperial army conceded defeat and withdrew to Donauwörth. After the Protestant victory in the Battle of Lützen two years before, the Swedes failed to follow up their victory due to the death of their king, Gustavus Adolphus. [8], The two Ferdinands drew up their armies between the Protestant forces and the town of Nördlingen, with the left wing anchored at the base of a hill. Eventually the battle provided no more than a breathing space and did not prevent the invasion of Bavaria the following year. Español: La de Nördlingen fue una batalla decisiva de la guerra de los Treinta Años. Horn seems to have been reluctant given the state of the Protestant armies, which were short of supplies. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spa "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, pp. Publicité Toutes les traductions de battle of nordlingen disambiguation. It was one of the key battles of the Thirty Years’ War. For this reason, the Austrian Habsburgs are frequently referred to as the Imperialists.) The chief consequence of Protestant defeat at Nordlingen was to bring France into … The Imperials and their main German ally Bavaria were facing increasingly severe pressure in the war from the French, Swedes and their Protestant allies and were struggling to prevent a French attempt to advance into Bavaria. The Protestant commanders decided they could not ignore the threat of a union between the two enemy forces and combined their two largest armies near Augsburg on 12 July, which included the Swabian-Alsatian Army under Gustav Horn and the so-called Franconian Army under Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar. The Protestant attacks were led by the brigades Vitzthum, Pfuel and one of the Scots Brigades (Colonel William Gunn), supported by the brigade of Count Thurn (Black and Yellow Regiment). 4 posts • Page 1 of 1. France and its Protestant German allies defeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and its Bavarian Catholic league allies. The battle was one of the most crushing victories of the Thirty Years' War. nördlingen, le mur de la ville (romantic road, bavière, allemagne) - nördlingen photos et images de collection The Battle of Nördlingen on 6 September 1634, 1634. As a result, the Imperial forces began to regain the initiative. Frederick died in 1634 in the Battle of Nördlingen, shortly after he came of age. Consequently, the Protestant German princes made a separate peace with the Emperor in the Treaty of Prague.[14]. Horn was able to rally his men, but by then the hilltop was impregnable. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September . Redirect page. However, the wooded features caused two of Horn's brigades to mistake each other for enemy, and they began to exchange fire. Media in category "Battle of Nördlingen (1645)" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Battle of Nördlingen (1645) Raid on Mount's Bay 1595; 23rd Regiment of Foot, The Royal Welch Fusileers M... Snapphane; Minden 1759 July (32) June (18) May (28) April (31) March (26) February (22) January (22) 2018 (270) December (25) WikiMatrix. The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. In 1634 a Protestant Saxon and Swedish army had invaded Bohemia threatening the Habsburg core territories. [5][6], The Protestants proved unable to prevent the fall of Regensburg to Ferdinand of Hungary and desperately pursued him westwards in an effort to prevent the merger of the two Habsburg armies. Before the battle, Marshal Henri, Vicomte de Turenne united his Franco-German army with an all-French army led by Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé (then known as the Duc d'Enghien, courtesy title of the heir to the Condé honours, to which he would not succeed until the following year) and 6,000 Hessians commanded by Johann von Geyso. 'The Battle of Nördlingen'. Among them were the Blue brigade and the Scots in Swedish service ("the Green brigade") with a few national Swedish/Finnish regiments (mostly cavalry) and one national Swedish infantry brigade ("the Yellow brigade"). In the center, Catholic German infantry were placed in front with the Spanish behind them. Contenu de sens a gent. Exactly 1 km to the southwest of the village is the Schloss Alerheim, which crowns a hill. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The 16,000-man Imperial-Bavarian army, led by Field Marshal Franz Baron von Mercy and Johann von Werth entrenched on rising ground near the village of Alerheim, 10 km southeast of Nordlingen. Also critical was the fact that the terrain features of the battlefield convinced the Protestant commanders to abandon the 3 pounder guns normally attached to each of their infantry brigades, which at previous battles had provided a crucial firepower advantage. Category:Battle of Nördlingen. Rok 1634 nezačal pro císaře a jeho spojence dobře. 372–373. This opened a second front against the Spanish Netherlands. The battle was one of the most crushing defeats Protestants ever suffered. [10], At sunrise on September 6, Horn commenced his attack, which suffered every kind of bad luck. In addition, the Austrian and Spanish Imperialists possessed 13,000 cavalry. en Frederick died in 1634 in the Battle of Nördlingen, shortly after he came of age. He intended to launch the French troops in a frontal charge on the Imperial positions. After Peter Paul Rubens. Quite the same Wikipedia. One km to the northeast of the village, the ridge rises to a height called the Wennenberg. By contrast, the combined Protestant forces numbered 16,000 infantry and 9,000 horse. [4] Therefore, the only French gain from the bloody victory was their capture of Nördlingen and Dinkelsbühl. The Imperials and the Catholic League were facing increasingly severe pressure in the war from the French, Swedes and their Protestant allies and were struggling to prevent a French attempt to advance into Bavaria. Its glittering tail streaked across the night sky before bursting into flame. Moderators: rbodleyscott, Slitherine Core, Gothic Labs. A small remnant of Protestants fled to Heilbronn. [2] The French Marshal eventually fell back to Philippsburg. Found in the Collection of Nationalmuseum Stockholm. Once the hill was seized, artillery could be placed on top that would subject the enemy flank to enfilade fire. Zipuli Lance Corporal - SdKfz 222 Posts: 21 Joined: Sun Jul 12, 2015 5:58 am. [9], The Protestant commanders came up with a plan: With half the army, Bernard was to hold the main Imperialist force in check while Horn wheeled the remainder through some woods on the right with the object of taking the hill on the Imperialist left. Bernhard and Horn also prepared for battle. In fact it was a rather fun day, and a change from a diet of pistachio nuts, leftovers and seasonal TV. Battle of Nördlingen. The Battle of Nördlingen (German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen; Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen) was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August (Julian calendar) or 6 September (Gregorian calendar). By evening, both armies were still on the field of battle. After the failure of the tercio system in the first Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, the professional Spanish troops deployed at … The French were able to subsequently capture the cities of Nördlingen and Dinkelsbühl but Condé fell sick while sieging Heilbronn. [13] However, the Imperial commanders observed the weakened condition of Bernhard's army, which had sent reinforcements to assist Horn on the right. The Habsburg triumph at Nördlingen followed by the Treaty of Prague could have been decisive in ending the war, enhancing Habsburg dominance in Europe. Consequently, the Protestant commanders quickly reversed course and headed north. Bavaria was at least temporarily safe. Fifteen assaults were made over the next few hours, all of which were beaten back. Jump to: navigation, search. With their forces substantially reduced and many German principalities refusing aid, the Swedes withdrew to Northern Germany where they remained inactive for two years. Bernard of Saxe-Weimar was given 12,000 French troops and extensive funding.[15]. Battle of Nördlingen. Just better. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spanish soldiers, won a crushing victory over the combined Protestant armies of Sweden and their German-Protestant allies . Pursuit of Bernard's troops threatened to cut off any escape route of the Swedish units under Horn, who also promptly broke. The Battle of Nördlingen (German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen ; Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen ; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen ) was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August (Julian calendar) or 6 September (Gregorian calendar). Below at the right, foot soldiers rush to join the melee. Mercy and Werth deployed their right wing on the Wennenberg, anchored their left wing on the schloss (castle) hill, and posted their center on the low ridge between the wings. Situace před bitvou. Both armies were named after their main operation area and belonged to the Heilbronn Alliance (Sweden's German-Protestant allies under the directorate of the Swedish chancellor Axel Oxenstierna). A crushing victory for the Habsburgs in the Thirty Years’ War, it ended Swedish domination in southern Germany, and it led France to become an active participant in the war. Most felt a full engagement against two of the most experienced Protestant commanders was reckless and unlikely to have positive results. In 1634 Protestant German and Swedish forces moved south and invaded Bavaria, threatening a major Habsburg ally. That would force him to withdraw and relieve Nördlingen. France had long been financing the enemies of the Habsburgs, but now they no longer were strong enough to be relied upon. Thirty Years' War Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. After laying out careful instructions to his subordinates, the cavalry attacked prematurely, leaving the infantry and artillery behind, when they were supposed to lead. Opposed to them were the Protestant nations comprising the Dutch, Denmark, Sweden, various German principalities and later, Catholic France. Following a year of anticipation and further frantic figure painting we were ready to go again. La première Bataille de Nördlingen a lieu les 5 et 6 septembre 1634, durant la guerre de Trente Ans. The Battle of Nördlingen was part of the Thirty Years' War, fought from 1618 to 1648. Spanish forces were no longer engaged in Germany, and now posed a direct threat to France all along its frontier. To install click the Add extension button. In 1633 his commanded troops during the Battle of Nördlingen against the Swedish Empire and secured a decisive victory for Spain. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spanish soldiers, won a crushing victory over the combined Protestant armies of Sweden and their German-Protestant allies (Heilbronn Alliance). As a result, the Imperial forces had begun to regain the initiative. The Battle of Nördlingen, 1634 27th December 2014, 0 Comments. 374–375, "The Thirty Year's War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 375, Learn how and when to remove this template message, intervened directly against the Habsburgs, Independence of Spanish continental Americas, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northernmost France, Law of coartación (which allowed slaves to buy their freedom, and that of others), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Nördlingen_(1634)&oldid=1006657126, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 February 2021, at 01:52. Other articles where Battle of Nördlingen is discussed: Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne: Command of the French forces in Germany: …met the Bavarians in the Battle of Nördlingen and reached the Danube River but with such heavy losses in infantry that they soon had to return to the Rhine. 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