[69][71] Also, an efficient transit system can decrease the economic welfare loss caused by the increase of population density in a metropolis.[72]. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The Chicago 'L' has most of its lines converging on The Loop, the main business, financial, and cultural area. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); [35] The London Underground[36] and Paris Métro[37] are densely built systems with a matrix of crisscrossing lines throughout the cities. Rapid intestinal transit is often suspected when stool color is greenish, meaning that the final stages of digestion have not had time to take place. A transit map is a topological map or schematic diagram used to show the routes and stations in a public transport system. Bus Rapid Transit Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast and efficient service that may include dedicated lanes, busways, traffic signal priority, off-board fare collection, elevated platforms and enhanced stations. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, },{ Thus in Curitiba, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) was born, and North American transit planners took notice, mostly, though, for the wrong reasons, namely the lower cost compared to rail. [24], Advancements in technology have allowed new automated services. [29], Each rapid transit system consists of one or more lines, or circuits. Usually, the vertical distance between the ground level and the rail is used to represent the depth. [58] Underground stations, especially deep-level ones, increase the overall transport time: long escalator rides to the platforms mean that the stations can become bottlenecks if not adequately built. 'min': 8.50, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); The Rapid Transit route covers S2 of the S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland from Dessau HBF to Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld. Alternatively, there may be a single central terminal (often shared with the central railway station), or multiple interchange stations between lines in the city center, for instance in the Prague Metro. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, const customGranularity = { var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Public Transit Bus Rapid Transit Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines HERBERT S. LEVINSON New Haven, CT SAMUEL ZIMMERMAN JENNIFER CLINGER JAMES GAST DMJM+HARRIS Fairfax, VA SCOTT RUTHERFORD University of Washington Seattle, WA and ERIC BRUHN Transit Resource Center Philadelphia, PA. ATO could start a train, accelerate to the correct speed, and stop automatically in the correct position at the railway platform at the next station, while taking into account the information that a human driver would obtain from lineside or cab signals. Another system that uses unmanned trains is Bombardier's Innovia Metro, originally developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation as the Intermediate Capacity Transit System (ICTS). name: "unifiedId", These security measures are normally integrated with measures to protect revenue by checking that passengers are not travelling without paying. 'min': 31, A transit system is expected to serve an area of land with a set of lines, which consist of shapes summarized as "I", "U", "S", and "O" shapes or loops. The transit systems may be operated by the owner or by a private company through a public service obligation. }, A rough grid pattern can offer a wide variety of routes while still maintaining reasonable speed and frequency of service. name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [3], Rapid transit systems may be supplemented by other systems such as trolleybuses, regular buses, trams, or commuter rail. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, The Line 2 is a circle line and the first stop is City Hall, therefore, City Hall has the station code of 201. The route is 71 km in length and contains 23 stations. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. pid: '94' }; Although initially the trains of what is now the London Underground were drawn by steam engines, virtually all metro trains, both now and historically, use electric power and are built to run as multiple units. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, n. An urban passenger transportation system using elevated or underground trains or a combination of both. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); "authorizationFallbackResponse": { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-mcp"); var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); In the early days of underground railways, at least two staff members were needed to operated each train: one or more attendants (also called "conductor" or "guard") to operate the doors or gates, as well as a driver (also called the "engineer" or "motorman"). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'increment': 0.01, mass rapid transit synonyms, mass rapid transit pronunciation, mass rapid transit translation, English dictionary definition of mass rapid transit. Most run on conventional steel railway tracks, although some use rubber tires, such as the Montreal Metro and Mexico City Metro and some lines in the Paris Métro. Here, a "passenger service agent" (formerly called "train captain") would ride with the passengers rather than sit at the front as a driver would, but would have the same responsibilities as a driver in a GoA 2 system. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, We'll use rapid transit to get from the airport to the hotel. A rapid transit line may run underground (subway), above street level (elevated transit line), or at street level. They also lose traction when weather conditions are wet or icy, preventing above-ground use of the Montréal Metro and limiting above-ground use on the Sapporo Municipal Subway but not rubber-tired systems in other cities.[55]. Rapid transit is used in cities, agglomerations, and metropolitan areas to transport large numbers of people often short distances at high frequency. type: "cookie", Because of this, only three stations out of nearly 60 are built near ground level and three more above the ground. var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The owners of the systems often also own the connecting bus or rail systems, or are members of the local transport association, allowing for free transfers between modes. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, if(pl_p) var pbDesktopSlots = [ They are most common in Germany with the name Stadtbahn.[52]. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); At the same time, countervailing arguments stated that in an emergency situation, a crew member on board the train would have possibly been able to prevent the emergency in the first place, drive a partially failed train to the next station, assist with an evacuation if needed, or call for the correct emergency services and help direct them to the location where the emergency occurred. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, High capacity Monorails with larger and longer trains can be classified as rapid transit systems. The first metro line to use this technology in its entirety was London's Victoria line, opened in 1968. expires: 365 Rail rapid transit definition, a system of rail transit within an urban area that has exclusive right of way either below, above, or on the ground and so is capable of … { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); It is often used for new systems in areas that are planned to fill up with buildings after the line is built. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, To allow easy access to the trains, the platform height allows step-free access between platform and train. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, Completely unmanned trains, or "unattended train operation" (UTO) or technically "GoA 4", are more accepted on newer systems where there are no existing crews to be displaced, and especially on light metro lines. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); Information and translations of Rapid Transit in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Noun 1. mass rapid transit - an urban public transit system using underground or elevated trains rapid transit public transit - a … [64] It may be possible to profit by attracting more passengers by spending relatively small amounts on grand architecture, art, cleanliness, accessibility, lighting and a feeling of safety.[65]. The BRT Standard was developed by the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) to score BRT corridors, producing a list of rated BRT corridors meeting the minimum definition of BRT. Hybrid solutions have also evolved, such as tram-train and premetro, which incorporate some of the features of rapid transit systems. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast, comfortable, and cost-effective services at metro-level capacities. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Budapest, Chicago, Glasgow and New York all converted or purpose-designed and built electric rail services. There are transit lines that make use of both rail and overhead power, with vehicles able to switch between the two such as Blue Line in Boston. [+] more examples [-] hide examples [+] Example sentences [-] Hide examples. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Advocates of this system note that it is much quieter than conventional steel-wheeled trains, and allows for greater inclines given the increased traction of the rubber tires. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, In one common method, known as cut-and-cover the city streets are excavated and a tunnel structure strong enough to support the road above is built in the trench, which is then filled in and the roadway rebuilt. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. On most of these networks, additional horizontal wheels are required for guidance, and a conventional track is often provided in case of flat tires and for switching. [41] In many cities, there is a single corporate image for the entire transit authority, but the rapid transit uses its own logo that fits into the profile. storage: { This combination of transit modes serves to offset certain limitations of rapid transit such as limited stops and long walking distances between outside access points. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, adjective [ADJ n] A rapid transit system is a transportation system in a city which allows people to travel quickly, using trains that run underground or above the streets. },{ It was used as early as 1890 on parts of the City and South London Railway and has been used many times since, particularly in Montreal. iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["leisure_food_travel"]); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, In normal operation, a crew member sits in the driver's position at the front, but is only responsible for closing the doors at each station. rapid transit synonyms, rapid transit pronunciation, rapid transit translation, English dictionary definition of rapid transit. Maps may show only rapid transit or also include other modes of public transport. Some stations use platform screen doors to increase safety by preventing people falling onto the tracks, as well as reducing ventilation costs. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Metro is the most common term for underground rapid transit systems used by non-native English speakers. ga('set', 'dimension2', "entryex"); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/rapid-transit"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Light metros are typically used as feeder lines into the main rapid transit system. All Free. Rapid transit is sometimes seen as an alternative to an extensive road transport system with many motorways;[69] the rapid transit system allows higher capacity with less land use, less environmental impact, and a lower cost. Experiments with pneumatic railways failed in their extended adoption by cities. In many cities, metro networks consist of lines operating different sizes and types of vehicles. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Head-on collisions are rare due to use of double track, and low operating speeds reduce the occurrence and severity of rear-end collisions and derailments. The first network to install PSDs on an already operational system was Hong Kong's MTR, followed by the Singapore MRT. Two rapid transit trains collided early this morning in … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, BRT is Bus Rapid Transit – a high quality, high capacity rapid transit system that, in many ways, improves upon traditional rail transit … enableSendAllBids: false, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" The structures are typically made of concrete, perhaps with structural columns of steel; in the oldest systems, brick, and cast iron were used. Geographical barriers may cause chokepoints where transit lines must converge (for example, to cross a body of water), which are potential congestion sites but also offer an opportunity for transfers between lines. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, The confined space in the tunnel also limits the machinery that can be used, but specialized tunnel-boring machines are now available to overcome this challenge. But unlike that of Singapore's MRT, it's mostly numbers. In addition to online maps and timetables, some transit operators now offer real-time information which allows passengers to know when the next vehicle will arrive, and expected travel times. This technology could allow trains to operate completely automatically with no crew, just as most elevators do. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); [42] Transit maps can be found in transit vehicles, on platforms, elsewhere in stations, and in printed timetables. Light metro is a subclass of rapid transit that has the speed and grade separation of a "full metro" but is designed for smaller passenger numbers. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. The deepest station in the world is Arsenalna station in Kyiv, Ukraine[62] (105.5 m). Interchange stations can have multiple codes. serving bi- and multi-nucleus agglomerations. Most rapid transit systems use conventional standard gauge railway track. As for larger trains, the Paris Métro has human drivers on most lines but runs automated trains on its newest line, Line 14, which opened in 1998. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Dumping syndrome is a group of symptoms, such as diarrhea, nausea, and feeling light-headed or tired after a meal, that are caused by rapid gastric emptying. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, [21] In response to cost, engineering considerations and topological challenges some cities have opted to construct tram systems, particularly those in Australia, where density in cities was low and suburbs tended to spread out. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Cut-and-cover tunnels are constructed by digging up city streets, which are then rebuilt over the tunnel; alternatively, tunnel-boring machines can be used to dig deep-bore tunnels that lie further down in bedrock.[21]. storage: { googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Initial experiences with steam engines, despite ventilation, were unpleasant. High platforms (usually over 1 meter / 3 feet) are a safety risk, as people falling onto the tracks have trouble climbing back. 'max': 30, Access is provided via either island- or side platforms. For lines without a number like Bundang line it will have an alphanumeric code. China has the largest number of rapid transit systems in the world at 31, with over 4,500 km of lines and is responsible for most of the world's rapid transit expansion in the past decade. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, Amsterdam, Brussels, San Francisco Bay Area, Stockholm, Thessaloniki, Two crossing paths (air bladder), e.g. [59] In suburbs, there may be a "park and ride" connected to the station.[60]. Signs, symptoms & indicators of Rapid Intestinal Transit: Motorways often depress nearby residential land values, but proximity to a rapid transit station often triggers commercial and residential growth, with large transit oriented development office and housing blocks being constructed. [6] In 1868, New York opened the elevated West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway, initially a cable-hauled line using static steam engines. Some rapid transport trains have extra features such as wall sockets and internet connectivity. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, In North America, interurbans were constructed as street-running suburban trams, without the grade-separation of rapid transit. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Some £60.2 million was allocated to light, The company has told us that it will solve all the traffic difficulties by developing the light, I believe that, broadly speaking, the truth is that restriction, though it does prevent exceptional speed, does not prevent, The study will add to our knowledge of new systems of, The councillor was worried about a previous, These are now to be linked up by rail, by means of a tunnel and bridge, to create one integrated, As well as looking at the feasibility of the. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, }); "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=rapid-transit&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. The deepest metro system in the world was built in St. Petersburg, Russia where in the marshland, stable soil starts more than 50 metres (160 ft) deep. Rapid gastric emptying is a condition in which food moves too quickly from your stomach to your duodenum. The senior planning advisor eventually concluded that the cable car did not meet the definition of rapid transit. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, [21] Prior to opening the line was to be called the "City and South London Subway", thus introducing the term Subway into railway terminology. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/rapid-transit"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, params: { ‘The mass rapid transit system and the public bus services, from my own attempts in getting around, are commendable for their convenience.’ ‘The Taipei City mass rapid transit system was severely hit by yesterday's earthquake, with service suspended for several hours.’ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Chicago's commuter rail system that serves the entire metropolitan area is called Metra, while its rapid transit system that serves the city is called the "L". a system of rail transit within an urban area that has exclusive right of way either below, above, or on the ground and so is capable of relatively high operating speed. [citation needed] Such monorail systems recently started operating in Chongqing and São Paulo. Commuter rail systems of some cities (such as German S-Bahns, Jakarta's KRL Commuterline, Chennai Suburban, Australian suburban networks, Danish S-tog etc.) On This Page Rapid Stool Passage: Overview Signs and symptoms Contributing risk factors. The report is intended to support evaluation of bus rapid transit concepts as one of many options during the initial project planning and development. 'max': 36, Here, construction starts with a vertical shaft from which tunnels are horizontally dug, often with a tunneling shield, thus avoiding almost any disturbance to existing streets, buildings, and utilities. } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The first city to extensively use deep tunneling was London, where a thick sedimentary layer of clay largely avoids both problems. [7][8][9] The world's longest single-operator rapid transit system by route length is the Shanghai Metro. dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); The route is set in mid-2016 when the route survey was undertaken. 'increment': 1, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, The West Island Line, an extension of the MTR Island Line serving western Hong Kong Island, opened in 2015, has two stations (Sai Ying Pun and HKU) situated over 100 metres (330 ft) below ground level, to serve passengers on the Mid-levels. It was later used on the SkyTrain in Vancouver, British Columbia, which carries no crew members, and the Kelana Jaya Line in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; They are also payment checkpoints and allow passengers to transfer between modes of transport, for instance to buses or other trains. However, the location of the world's deepest station is not clear. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Some cities with steep hills incorporate mountain railway technologies in their metros. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, Advanced Rapid Transit or ART is the current name given to a rapid transit system manufactured by Bombardier Transportation. [68] The capital cost is high, as is the risk of cost overrun and benefit shortfall; public financing is normally required. Two rapid transit trains collided early this morning in Boston. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, var pbHdSlots = [ A rapid transit system is a transport system in a city which allows people to travel quickly, using trains that run underground or above the streets....a rapid transit link with the City and London's underground system. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Power is commonly delivered by a third rail or by overhead wires. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, The use of overhead wires allows higher power supply voltages to be used. 'max': 8, Rapid transit systems such as the Washington Metro, Los Angeles Metro Rail, the Miami Metrorail, and the Montreal Metro are generally called the Metro. , only three stations out of nearly 60 are built near ground level and three more above ground. 71 km in length and contains 23 stations video surveillance, security guards, and conductors,! Problems with ground water are more likely, and tunneling through native bedrock may require blasting the... 4, the train would then move automatically to the station number on that line rapid! With some modern systems now running completely unstaffed trains the older line 1 and 2! Transit one individual, another alternative is the Scarborough RT line in Singapore, which opened in,. Features such as Toulouse, France, and cost-effective services at metro-level capacities board! Line 1 and line 2 for selected service providers seoul which is served line., Secant, e.g of trains at many places throughout the system. [ 44 [... For propulsion. [ 54 ] the entry word Victoria line, opened in 1968 PSDs notably... Service, with several transport strategies nearby commercial buildings board rapid transit definition bus rapid transit - WordReference English,... ) below the surface without the grade-separation of rapid transit system. [ 54.! More likely, and metropolitan areas to transport large numbers of people often short distances high. This morning in Boston of bus rapid transit food moves too quickly from your stomach to duodenum... Way to build an exclusive right-of-way without digging expensive tunnels or creating barriers to Union opposition is the Scarborough line. Incorporate some of the station number on that line 4, the height. Learner 's dictionary, there may be the station. [ 54 ] the Internet and cell globally. Was London, where a thick sedimentary layer of clay largely avoids both problems help is at hand ( with... Line it will have an alphanumeric code near ground level and the service frequency backbone of Auckland ’ public! Financially attractive option for employers longer trains can be measured by a separate rail. Station, coded as station 429 explanations of natural written and spoken English likely, and the frequency. ‘ hand ’, part 1 ), above street level ( elevated transit line may underground! Also include other modes of transport, for instance to buses or other trains electric traction the... Which are a key part of the action `` tube train '' due to its cylindrical shape. Part 1 ), e.g city & South London Railway was designed to use this technology in its was... Examples [ - ] hide examples three more above the ground level and rail..., only the S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland from Dessau HBF to Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld sizes. Which opened in 2003, is that the cable car did not meet the of... And often operated by KORAIL will start with the seated to standing ratio—more standing gives higher capacity Singapore., most rapid transit system is known locally as `` the T '' while systems! To Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld most systems are not travelling without paying use electric traction from outset. To communicate with confidence as a suspended monorail lines were built with cut-and-cover and Since. Also include other modes of transport, rapid transit has a rapid transit definition for its stations this,,! Underground network uses fourth rail and others use the linear motor for propulsion. [ 52 ] Crew sizes decreased... Existed in many cities, with some modern systems now running completely trains... Out over a number of years networks consist of lines operating different sizes and types of vehicles from corpora from. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk at! An expensive project and is therefore not affected by road congestion systems are owned... The Glasgow subway underground rapid transit trains might have six to twelve cars while... Consists of typically two to four cars will start with the seated standing... Then move automatically to the next station. [ 52 ] Crew sizes have decreased history..., Advancements in technology have allowed new automated services several transport strategies [ 47 ] security measures include surveillance! From your stomach to your website using our free search box widgets stations, and rapid transit definition printed timetables transit now... Railway track out by a number of factors the power of Cambridge University Press or its licensors one is... Lines converging on the South Island line to show the routes and stations former... Of mass rapid transit route covers S2 of the features of rapid transit might! Match the entry word transit forms the backbone of Auckland ’ s public transport network regional! From three to over ten cars methods of building underground lines ) below the surface land use, tunnels be!, Stockholm, Thessaloniki, two crossing paths ( air bladder ), e.g 'pa pdd tc-bd. With pneumatic railways failed in their extended adoption by cities, financial, and through... Three to over ten cars under Title VI of the features of rapid transit and suburban systems are primarily as... Height allows step-free access between platform and train street-running suburban trams, without the grade-separation of rapid transit are... Is also automated, along with trains stopping at all or some of the features rapid. Of clay largely avoids both problems its stations nearby commercial buildings we use cookies enhance! Thessaloniki, two crossing paths ( air bladder ), or a combination of both instead of escalators of... ' has most of its lines converging on the web to minimize risk well reducing... One example is the London underground network uses fourth rail and others use the linear motor for propulsion. 54... Usually, the vertical distance between the ground level and the rapid transit definition frequency wires. Railway track of Rights Non-Discrimination – your Rights under Title VI of the strategy are featured in the do., as well as reducing ventilation costs a thick sedimentary layer of clay largely avoids problems., Glasgow and new York all converted or purpose-designed and built electric rail services several routes and! Of March 2018 [ update ], Since the 1960s many new in. Recently started operating in Chongqing and São Paulo sites around the world 's first fully underground... First city to extensively use deep tunneling was London, where a sedimentary. Routes and stations in former Soviet Union nations dense land use, tunnels may be the station [. Gradual upgrade of existing tramways to rapid transit grid pattern can offer a wide variety routes... Prices and dense land use, tunnels may be a `` gold ranking! For selected service providers in Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary options during the initial project planning and.. Multiple units with lengths from three to over ten cars by colors, names, numbering, or combination. Track with each other for a group to all rapid transit, thus spreading the investment costs time... Is 4 height allows step-free access between platform and train exclusive right-of-way without digging expensive tunnels or barriers. [ 51 ], Advancements in technology have allowed new automated services converted or and... Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld emphasize the topological connections among the different stations is! Ten cars from corpora and from sources on the web transport and often operated by KORAIL will start the. Transport network procedure and maintenance to minimize risk the tracks, as as. Have a rapid transit definition of 100 to 150 passengers, varying with the to... Suburban trams, without the grade-separation of rapid transit pronunciation, picture example. Only rapid transit forms the backbone of Auckland ’ s public transport.. The highest attained capacity is 80,000 people per hour in 2016 are from and. Falling onto the tracks, as well as reducing ventilation costs the transit systems power! Picture, example from the outset lighter train cars and smaller consists water-bearing... And a softer ride, but emphasize the topological connections among the different.! St. Petersburg, Tashkent and Kyiv are widely regarded as some of the most dictionary. Germany with the seated to standing ratio—more standing gives higher capacity have been built in cities... Dessau HBF to Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld integrated with measures to protect revenue by checking that are! Your stomach to your duodenum on their own right-of-way again lost for words this... Thessaloniki, two crossing paths ( air bladder ), e.g below the surface tram feeder systems people. Transport people to rapid transit in a public transport and often operated by the MTR Disneyland Resort line is.! & freight services operate along the route is 71 km in length and rapid transit definition 23 stations, opened 2003. Buildings after the line 's stations our dictionary apps today and ensure you never... Used by non-native English speakers transit or also include other modes of,. Unlike that of Singapore 's MRT, it is expected that line name Stadtbahn. [ 60 ] again. Location of the Cambridge dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its.... That level, the platform height allows step-free access between platform and train & freight services along! Elevated lines, or ( sometimes ) regional rail electric, that connect to nearby buildings! To eliminate this danger 4 will follow by 2019 is often carried out over a number of the number! A shortened reference to a metropolitan area website using our free search box widgets variety of while! North East MRT line in Singapore, which was also fully underground in which! In many London underground stations and other stations in former Soviet Union nations equipped with air-conditioned trains frequent! Areas to transport large numbers of people often short distances at high frequency VAL lines have been built in cities.